Journal of Medical Cases, ISSN 1923-4155 print, 1923-4163 online, Open Access
Article copyright, the authors; Journal compilation copyright, J Med Cases and Elmer Press Inc
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Case Report

Volume 8, Number 5, May 2017, pages 163-166

Diagnosis and Management of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Case Report


Table 1. Diagnostic Criteria of SLE [9]
A person is said to have SLE if he/she meets any four of these 11 criteria simultaneously or in succession.
Malar rashFixed erythema over the malar eminences, tending to spare the nasolabial folds
Discoid rashErythematosus raised patches, may scar
PhotosensitivitySkin rash as a result of unusual reaction to sunlight
Oral ulcersUsually painless
ArthritisNon-erosive: Jaccoud’s arthropathy
Serositis1) Pleuritis - pleuritic pain, pleural rub, pleural effusion
2) Pericarditis - ECG changes, rub, pericardial effusion
Renal disorder1) Proteinuria (> 3+ or 0.5 g/day)
2) Cellular casts in urine
Neurological disorder1) Seizures
2) Psychosis
Hematological disorder1) Hemolytic anemia
2) Leukopenia
3) Lymphopenia
4) Thrombocytopenia
Immunological disorder1) Anti-DNA antibodies
2) Anti-Sm antibodies
3) Anti-phospholipid antibodies
Anti-nuclear antibodyExclude drug causes