Cholestasis in Newborn

Paula Cristhina Niz Xavier, Almir Sousa Martins, Durval Batista Palhares


Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is one of the most important intrauterine infections that cause birth defects in humans with hematogenous transmission rate of 0.5% to 2.5%, on average. The early transmission of infection from mother to fetus decreases the prognosis and increases the chances of serious anomalies. The objective of this case report is to instruct the neonatologist that despite the rarity of neonatal cholestasis, this may be a case of intrahepatic cholestasis resulting from congenital cytomegalovirus infection. This study aims to report the case of a 28 weeks and 6 days old child, presenting 1080 g birth weight, Apgar score 5 and 8, untreated sepsis, thrombocytopenia, leukocytosis, and jaundice with predominance in the evolution of direct bilirubin. To find out the cause of jaundice, serum bilirubin levels, serology and PCR (polymerase chain reaction) were performed for cytomegalovirus. Serology for cytomegalovirus was negative in spite of the molecular analysis by PCR in urine samples having demonstrated consistent results with the identification of genomic sequences of cytomegalovirus. Bilirubin values were: Total 15.58 mg%; Direct 12.36 mg%. It was concluded that treatment with ganciclovir resulted in satisfactory clinical response to treatment of cholestatic jaundice source cytomegalovirus.

J Med Cases. 2013;4(7):504-506


Neonatal cholestasis; CMV; Congenital infection; Herpes virus

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Journal of Medical Cases, monthly, ISSN 1923-4155 (print), 1923-4163 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.