Severe Septicemic Melioidosis in a Patient With Lung Adenocarcinoma Following Cytotoxic Chemotherapy

Kuo-Hwa Chiang, Kuo-Chen Cheng, Hsi-Hsing Yang


Melioidosis is an endemic disease in Southeast Asia and northern Australia, caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei. Severe melioidosis pneumonia is typically life-threatening condition. It is relatively uncommon in patients with lung cancer. We report a case of melioidosis pneumonia with blood culture proved Burkholderia pseudomallei in a patient with advanced stage lung adenocarcinoma following treatment with a gemcitabine containing regimen. To our knowledge, this is the first report on septicemic melioidosis pneumonia in lung adenocarcinoma patients following administration of cytotoxic chemotherapy.

J Med Cases. 2015;6(1):14-16


Burkholderia pseudomallei; Septicemic melioidosis; Pneumonia; Lung adenocarcinoma; Cytotoxic chemotherapy

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