A COVID-19 Case Complicated by Candida dubliniensis and Klebsiella pneumoniae-Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae

Harith Alataby, Francis Atemnkeng, Sandeep S. Bains, Foma M. Kenne, Keith Diaz, Jay Nfonoyim


There has been increasing evidence of co-infections with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia, which increases the severity of the disease. Organisms such as Klebsiella pneumoniae and Streptococcus pneumoniae have been previously isolated. We present a case of a COVID-19 patient treated with baricitinib and dexamethasone who later developed Klebsiella pneumoniae-carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) and Candida dubliniensis bloodstream infections, treated with meropenem/vaborbactam and micafungin, respectively. These infections are exceedingly rare and are mostly reported in immunosuppressed patients. The finding of these bloodstream infections raises concerns on the cause of immunosuppression in this patient infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) treated with baricitinib and dexamethasone. There has been no report so far of COVID-19 associated with these co-infections.

J Med Cases. 2020;11(12):403-406
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3588


COVID-19; Bacteremia; Candidemia; Baricitinib; Dexamethasone

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