Delayed Diagnosis of Cardiac Amyloidosis Secondary to Multiple Myeloma

Ahmad Qatanani, Shereen Dahab, Steven Douedi, Yumna Hamid, Sameh Girgis, Steven Daniels, Gurpreet Lamba, Mohammad Zafar

Abstract


Cardiac amyloidosis is a rare condition with only 2,500 new cases reported yearly in the United States of America (USA). The prognosis of cardiac amyloidosis is particularly grim. The median survival is 6 months from onset of congestive heart failure (CHF) symptoms. CHF is a common presentation as the second leading cause of hospitalization in the senile population in the USA. We report a case of an 83-year-old man who presented with the classic symptoms of CHF including bilateral lower extremity edema, shortness of breath, and weight gain. Upon further workup, an echocardiogram revealed strain patterns suggestive of cardiac amyloidosis and bone marrow biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of multiple myeloma. Unfortunately, despite starting treatment with steroids and chemotherapy, the patient succumbed to his condition in a matter of weeks. We report this case to highlight that cardiac amyloidosis secondary to multiple myeloma can present in the form of new onset, quickly deteriorating CHF long before any classic multiple myeloma symptoms manifest.




J Med Cases. 2021;12(10):391-394
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3744

Keywords


Cardiac amyloidosis; Congestive heart failure; Multiple myeloma

Full Text: HTML PDF
 

Browse  Journals  

 

Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

 

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

 

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

 

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

 

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics

 

 
       
 

Journal of Medical Cases, monthly, ISSN 1923-4155 (print), 1923-4163 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.journalmc.org   editorial contact: editor@journalmc.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.