Long-Term Tocolysis With Magnesium Sulfate as a Risk Factor for Low Bone Mass: A Case Series

Kazuaki Iio, Emi Kondo, Eiji Shibata, Tamaki Wada, Takayuki Uchimura, Yasuyuki Kinjo, Midori Murakami, Kiyoshi Yoshino


Pregnancy and lactation-associated osteoporosis (PLO) is a disease caused by vertebral compression fracture, and it is characterized by low back pain during pregnancy or the postpartum period. However, it is difficult to predict and prevent PLO prepartum in high-risk groups. Recently, long-term tocolysis with magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) has been reported to be associated with PLO. The purpose of this case series was to assess postpartum bone mass after long-term tocolysis with MgSO4 and accumulated doses of MgSO4. We report the case of a pregnant woman with vertebral compression fractures during pregnancy following long-term tocolysis with MgSO4. We investigated whether long-term tocolysis with MgSO4 was a high risk factor for PLO. Therefore, we retrospectively evaluated bone mineral density after delivery in nine women who had long-term tocolysis with MgSO4 (more than 8 days) for treatment of threatened preterm birth at our hospital from January 2020 to December 2020. The age of the women was between 20 and 41 years (mean age, 30 years). The body mass index of the women was between 18.1 and 25.4 kg/m2 (mean 20.0 kg/m2). Three women had a positive smoking history, and none had a family history of osteoporosis. The average duration of tocolysis with MgSO4 was 11 - 97 days. The accumulated doses of MgSO4 were between 168 and 3,756 g. Four of nine cases were diagnosed with low bone mass of young adult mean (YAM) value ? 80%. Of them, one case (accumulated doses of MgSO4: 1,260 g) was diagnosed with PLO of YAM value ? 70%, and one case (accumulated doses of MgSO4: 3,756 g) was diagnosed with bone fracture with a YAM value of ? 70%. Long-term tocolysis with MgSO4 may be suggested as one of the risk factors of PLO. Nutritional guidance and rehabilitation are important interventions for target patients.

J Med Cases. 2022;13(2):47-50
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3833


Tocolysis; Magnesium sulfate; Low bone mass; Pregnancy and lactation-associated osteoporosis

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Journal of Medical Cases, monthly, ISSN 1923-4155 (print), 1923-4163 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.journalmc.org   editorial contact: editor@journalmc.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.