Transient bacteraemia due to Treponema amylovorum in a Renal Transplant Patient

Amelie Morin, Solene Patrat-Delon, Martine Bonnaure-Mallet, Sophie Gie, Anne Jolivet-Gougeon


Transient bacteraemia occurs frequently after dental procedures or daily life activities and may be etiologic factors in the development of cardiovascular diseases; the origin is the oral cavity, which is intensively colonized by bacteria. <i>Treponema amylovorum</i> is one of these oral bacteria, only isolated in endodontic lesions. We described the first case of a transient bacteraemia due to <i>T. amylovorum</i> in an immuno-compromised patient, isolated from the blood through 16S rRNA gene sequencing. This case report highlights the probable underestimation of cases of bacteraemia due to oral <i>Treponema</i> species.

J Med Cases. 2013;4(2):69-71


Bacteraemia; Endodontic infection; 16S rRNA; Treponema; T. amylovorum

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