Menstrual History is Important for Diagnosing Catamenial Pneumothorax and Hemoptysis

Tae-Hee Kim, Hae-Hyeog Lee, Soo-Ho Chung, Dong-Su Jeon


Endometriosis is a chronic inflammatory gynecologic disease. Problems associated with endometriosis include dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia, and infertility. We managed two patients between March 2001 and December 2011 with extrauterine endometriosis. The first was a 37-year-old unmarried woman who was admitted for recurrent pneumothorax that was consistent with her menstrual cycle. She had received a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogue injection and tibolone to prevent menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes for the past 2 years and had no recurrent pneumothorax. A 22-year-old woman arrived at the hospital with hemoptysis during menstruation, which had been occurring for the past 5 months, and chronic iron deficiency anemia. After one GnRH analogue injection per month, the hemoptysis and anemia resolved. Catamenial pneumothorax is a rare occurrence with ectopic endometriosis. Diagnosis and management are extremely crucial and difficult for the gynecologist. Our data provide an aid for managing patients with catamenial pneumothorax.

J Med Cases. 2013;4(3):133-134


Endometriosis; Catamenial pneumothorax

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Journal of Medical Cases, monthly, ISSN 1923-4155 (print), 1923-4163 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website:   editorial contact:
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.