Heart Block Caused by Ticagrelor Use in a Patient Who Underwent Adenosine Diastolic Fractional Reserve Assessment: A Case Report

Asseel Al-Bayati, Kyle Wiseman, Ndausung Udongwo, Firas Ajam, Riple Hansalia, Renato Apolito


Ticagrelor is a direct and rapid-acting antagonist of the P2Y12-adenosine diphosphate receptor found on platelets. The drug is recommended as a first-line antiplatelet agent in patients with acute coronary syndromes, as evidenced in its superiority compared to clopidogrel according to the Platelet Inhibition and Patient Outcomes study. Specifically, the mechanism of action has been proven to show higher inhibition and less variability in its action on P2Y12 receptors compared to clopidogrel. Additionally, ticagrelor inhibits the equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 adenosine transporter protein leading to an increased concentration of adenosine in the blood, particularly at sites of ischemia. This effect increases the biological efficacy of ticagrelor in terms of cardioprotection, anticoagulation effects, and anti-inflammatory effects. However, the effects are also thought to be responsible for some of the adverse pharmacological effects reported with ticagrelor, such as bradycardia and ventricular pauses > 3 seconds. Herein, we report a case of recurrent sinus arrest and ventricular asystole in a patient pre-treated with ticagrelor and subsequent physiological assessment of a coronary lesion with fractional flow reserve using intravenous adenosine infusion.

J Med Cases. 2021;12(12):499-502
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3815


Heart block; Sinus arrest; Asystole; Bradycardia; Acute coronary disease; Ticagrelor-induced bradyarrhythmia; Chest pain; Cardiac catheterization

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