Primary Squamous Cell Lung Cancer With Frequent Episodes of Sustained Ventricular Tachycardia due to Myocardial Metastasis

Sayaka Toyoshi, Norihiko Funaguchi, Hirotoshi Ishigaki, Komei Yanase


Myocardial metastasis from lung cancer rarely occurs. We encountered a patient with squamous cell lung cancer who was diagnosed with myocardial metastasis before death and sustained ventricular tachycardia during the course of the disease. The patient was a 56-year-old woman. A tumor was noted in the apex area of the left lung and was diagnosed as stage IVA of squamous cell lung cancer after a detailed examination. She underwent concurrent chemoradiotherapy with weekly treatment of carboplatin + paclitaxel. A 12-lead electrocardiogram performed upon admission for additional chemotherapy showed negative T waves in leads III, aVF, and V1-4. Transthoracic echocardiography and computed tomography showed a tumor lesion in the right ventricular wall, which was diagnosed as myocardial metastasis from lung cancer. During the course of the disease, the patient had frequent episodes of sustained ventricular tachycardia, which were refractory to treatment with antiarrhythmic drugs. However, the sinus rhythm was restored with cardioversion. Subsequently, the patient received palliative treatment and eventually died 4 months after the diagnosis of cardiac metastasis and 3 weeks after the diagnosis of ventricular tachycardia. Myocardial metastasis might reflect poor prognosis due to serious arrhythmia or some other complications. Therefore, the early diagnosis and appropriate treatment of cardiac metastasis by chemotherapy, cardiac radiotherapy, or surgery, are necessary prior to the development of symptoms in tolerant cases.

J Med Cases. 2023;14(4):111-117


Squamous cell lung cancer; Myocardial metastasis; Sustained ventricular tachycardia; Cardioversion

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